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我国机车车辆技术的发展与展望
作者:申瑞源 
单位:中国铁路总公司 机辆部, 北京100844
关键词:机车车辆  动车组  重载列车  高原机车 
分类号:
出版年·卷·期(页码):2019·41·第1期(36-42)
摘要:

简要叙述国外高速和重载机车车辆的发展状况,并对狗万要实名制我国动车组的研究现状和进展进行总结。重点介绍复兴号动车组的技术特点,总结复兴号动车组在安全可靠性、环境适应性、乘坐舒适性以及牵引性能、节能环保和全寿命周期成本等方面采用的先进技术及取得的明显效果;围绕30 t轴重重载列车技术、3t长大列车试验、ECPC-Link系统对我国重载列车研究进行总结;并从高原铁路环境特点、高原列车适应性技术以及新型高原内燃机车研制等方面总结了我国高原列车的研究工作。在分析已有研究成果的基础上,对中国机车车辆发展进行展望,提出今后的研究方向和需加强的研究内容。

This paper provided an overview of the high-speed and heavy-haul rolling stock development in China and the world, and summarized the research status and progress of EMUs, heavy haul trains and locomotives for plateau use in China in recent years. Focusing on the technical characteristics of Fuxing EMUs, the paper reviewed the advanced technologies adopted by Fuxing EMU in the areas of safety, reliability, environmental adaptability, ride comfort, traction performance, energy savingconservation and environmental protection and life cycle cost, and the remarkable results achieved. The research on heavy haul trains in China was outlined focusing on 30 t axle-load heavy haul train, tests on 30 000-ton long-heavy trains, ECP and C-Link systems. The research work of plateau trains in China was summarized from the aspects of the environment characteristics of plateau railway, plateau train adaptability technology and development of new plateau diesel locomotives.including Fuxing EMUs, 30 t axle-load locomotives, 30 000-ton long-heavy trains, diesel locomotives and passenger cars for plateau use. The outlook for the development of rolling stocks in China was given on the basis of the analysis of the existing research achievements.The future research direction and contents to be strengthened were put forward.

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